Lithography is one of the special historical prints subjects at the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek. It contains around 360 lithographs, i.e. prints reproduced lithographically, from the so-called "incunabula period" of lithography from 1796 to 1821 as well as illustrated lithograph prints and plates up to 1846, 50 years after the invention of this printing technique by Alois Senefelder (1771-1834). These include numerous unique prints as well as the earliest facsimile prints, such as the first facsimile of the Turkish Calendar printed in 1454 and available in a unique form (Lithogr. 54), the first facsimile of the Prayer Book of Maximilian I. (1459-1519) (Lithogr. 59) with the hand drawings by Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528) or the tournament book of Wilhelm IV. of Bavaria (1493-1550) (Lithogr. 256) as well as portfolio works with lithographic reproductions of important artists. Prints with lithographically reproduced text without images are not included. Approximately another 50 lithographic music prints are included in the collection of music prints (Musica practica; Mus.pr.).
The collection belonging to the Munich private scholar Franz Maria Ferchl (1792-1862), who was a lifelong friend of Senefelder and his family, is the basis for this subject, which was created around 1905. It was acquired around 1857 by the Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Bavarian Academy of Sciences) and handed over to the Königliche Hof- und Staatsbibliothek (Royal Court and State Library). Ferchl himself had published an overview of his collection in 1856 (Bavar. 4339 d).
>> This collection is part of the holdings of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Bavarian State Library).
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