Wolfram of Eschenbach, Percival - Titurel - diurnal songs
Wolfram( 1170/80-1216), who probably called himself after the Franconian city of Eschenbach (since 1917 Wolframs-Eschenbach), is the author of a series of songs and of three epics (Percival, Willehalm, Titurel).
The "Parzival" was probably created between 1200 and 1210 and is a verse novel divided into 16 volumes; it connects the two great courtly subject matters around King Arthur and the Holy Grail. The story of Percival goes back to old French sources. Percival who as a young fool forgets to ask the question of redemption at the castle of the Grail is, therefore, excluded from the court of Arthur. Wolfram connected his narrative with the chivalrous fights and love adventures of the knight of King Arthur, Sir Gawain. After wanderings and religious purification, Percival is called back to the castle of the Grail as the king of the Grail.
Cgm 19 is one of the early carriers of tradition for this work and the basis for the valid edition, which was compiled by Karl Lachmann (1793-1851) in 1824. It is a simple manuscript made for being used. Included are also the Titurel fragments as well as two "Daysongs" that are transmitted only in this codex (8 stanzas in 2 tones). On the last page, the content of volume XVI is depicted in three miniatures. The principle of images that are set autonomously next to the text was favourably received by the art of secular wall painting in castles and town houses.