Letters from Josef Ruederer to Helene Raff

Josef Ruederer (1861-1915), a playwright and narrator born in Munich, co-founded the Intimes Theater (Intimate Theatre) in 1896 and the cabaret Elf Scharfrichter (Eleven executioners) in 1901. From 1908 to 1912 he worked as a member of the theatre censorship advisory board. His novel about the development of the city of Munich during the time of King Ludwig I was published posthumously under the title Das Erwachen (The Awakening) in 1916. Ruederer's work is between the Wilhelminian era and naturalistic avant-garde periods and marks the beginning of critical regional literature in the wake of his criticism of corruption, hypocrisy, nepotism and bigotry.

The two letters from Ruederer to Helene Raff (1865-1942) date from 24 October 1910 to 13 September 1915. In the second he announces his intention to return to Munich from his country estate because of his illness and to meet Raff there: "We have all kinds of aids in Oberammergau, a very good doctor is also available, but the city is still the city, especially for the sick." Ruederer died a few weeks later in Munich on October 20 1915.

To the digitised copy