Paul Heyse (1830-1914) was a German poet and writer. He was the first author of fiction to be awarded the Nobel Prize (1910).
Born the son of the philology professor Karl Wilhelm Ludwig Heyse and Julie Heyse (née Saaling) – a relative of the house of Mendelssohn Bartholdy – Paul Heyse grew up in a middle-class educational environment. He was regarded as having many talents from an early age and was introduced to Berlin's cultural elite circles by his mother. Here he made the acquaintance of the 15 years older poet Emanuel Geibel (1815-1884), who was already an established and highly esteemed poet at that time. Geibel set about promoting the talented young man and introduced him to a number of influential personalities. Among them was the art historian Franz Kugler, who also became his advocate and whose daughter Margaretha he was to marry in 1854. Through Kugler, Heyse got to know the historian Jacob Burckhardt, the painter and illustrator Adolph Menzel and the writers Theodor Fontane and Theodor Storm. By 1850, Heyse's network was extensive and his reputation so strong that he was now in a position to launch other writers, including Fontane and Storm. Emanuel Geibel promoted his friend again in 1854 and obtained employment for Heyse at the court of the Bavarian King Maximilian II. From now on Heyse received a considerable pension, which secured his economic existence and enabled him to work as a freelance writer. In 1868, Heyse submitted his resignation request in response to the dismissal of his friend Geibel by Ludwig II. He lived and worked in Munich until his death in 1914.
Heyse belonged to the Berlin literary "Sunday society" "Tunnel über der Spree" (founded in 1827) and made his first acquaintance with the Bavarian capital's writers and lyricists as a member of the "Münchner Dichterkreis". However, he quickly distanced himself again from the literarily rather antiquated poets of the "Münchner Dichterkreis" and founded the poets' society "Die Krokodile" in 1854. Its members included Emanuel Geibel as well as the writers Friedrich Bodenstedt (1819-1892), Felix Dahn (1834-1912), Wilhelm Hemsen (1829-1885), Hermann Lingg (1820-1905), Melchior Meyr (1810-1871), the scholars Moritz Carrière (1817-1895), Sigmund Lichtenstein (1822-1881), Karl von Lützow (1832-1897), Adolf Zeising (1810-1876) and Adolf Zeising (1810-1876).
Heyse's importance lies in his extensive literary oeuvre and his literary-theoretical reflections on the novella. As a result, he developed the "falcon theory", which is still used today; it says that the central plot of an ideal-typical novella has to find its climax in an unexpected turning point, the "falcon".
The estate is partially catalogued and bears the signature "Heyse-Archiv" and Cgm 6471 – 6525. 6540. 6581. 6604 – 6606. 6900. 6901. 6933. 6955. 7069 7239. 7307. 8098. 8099. 8100. 8215. L.impr.c.n.mss. 244