Kaisertum Österreich, Privilegirte Österreichische Nationalbank: Banknote über 1.000 Gulden von 1841

Giesecke+Devrient Stiftung Geldscheinsammlung

Description

The Napoleonic Wars had shattered Austria's finances so much that a reorganization of the monetary system was indispensable. For this purpose, the Privileged Austrian National Bank was founded in 1816 as a public limited company. It succeeded in stabilizing the monetary system again. As a result it issued several series of banknotes. With this banknote from 1841, pictorial motifs were used in the design for the first time. The allegorical depiction shows female figures with floral wreath and rudder blade (left) and with olive branch and scales (right). At the top there are eleven heads, representing the goddess of fruit, Pomona. These figures refer to trade and economy, but also to justice. The coat of arms of Austria is shown in the lower center, next to it the Austria, the personification of Austria. The coat of arms and national allegory not only underline the importance of the National Bank for the Austrian state, but also give the banknote a legitimate character. The pictorial motifs therefore convey important messages. At the same time they are also a counterfeit protection: the graphics at the highest technical level were difficult to copy.