Tschechoslowakische Republik, Finanzministerium: Staatspapiergeld über 500 Koruna von 1919

Giesecke+Devrient Stiftung Geldscheinsammlung


Czechoslovakia was founded out of two parts of the country in 1918. The young nation had to quickly create a common identity for two territories that had previously been part of the Austro-Hungarian multi-ethnic state.

Alfons Mucha (1860-1939), one of the country’s most important artists and founder of the "Art nouveau movement" in France, was commissioned to design the new series. Mucha had been concerned with the identity of the Czech Republic and Moravia as part of an overarching Pan-Slavism since 1910. His views were incorporated into the design of the banknotes. In doing so, he took a completely new approach: although he reverted to traditional motifs, he combined them with modern Art Nouveau designs and at the same time alienated them. The Slavia, the Bohemian Lion or the Linden Leaves are examples of this.

As a result, he created a national identity with symbols for the young state. In addition to banknotes, Alfons Mucha also designed stamps, documents and police uniforms for Czechoslovakia.