Königreich Belgien, Banque Nationale de Belgique: Banknote über 1.000 Francs von 1914

Giesecke+Devrient Stiftung Geldscheinsammlung


Banque Nationale de Belgique was founded in 1850. It was given the exclusive right to issue banknotes. From 1883 a new series came into circulation, mostly designed by artists, such as Henri Hendrickx (1817-1894). The motifs consist of allegories, symbolic figures representing Belgium’s economy. Elements of ancient mythology also play a major role in the design.

The banknote shows Poseidon top left, recognisable by his trident, and opposite him his wife Amphitrite. Both are reaching for a ship with a winged steering wheel in the middle. Bottom centre is a winged helmet pinned on a caduceus.

Poseidon, the god of the sea, is the equivalent to Neptune in Roman mythology. He is not only god of the sea, but of all waters and the forces of nature. Horses and chariots are often added to him as attributes, as well as the trident and dolphins. In addition to depictions of his conflicts with Athena, he is often depicted with his wife Amphitrite. Amphitrite fled from Poseidon’s persistent wooing to Atlas. Poseidon sent a dolphin to her, which made her change her mind and marry Poseidon. As Poseidon’s wife, she is the ruler of the seas, as it were, and many ships were named after her.